Guillaume Daudin, Violaine Faubert
The rise of global value chains has led to a greater use of input-output tables to study international linkages. This column analyses cost-push inflation using world input-output tables. In the light of the recent surge in commodity prices, it explores which countries are most vulnerable to energy cost-push inflation and documents the large exposure of Eastern and central European economies to a rise in Russian hydrocarbon prices. Input-output tables are used to document the heterogeneous reactions of consumer prices to exchange rate variations across countries, reflecting differences in foreign product content of consumption and intermediate products.